4000 year old hair discovered in Greenland! Show relationship between the first Greenlanders and people in Siberia!

Posted: February 11, 2010 in Archaeology, Excavation, General, Greenland, Medicin, Updates
Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Today new exciting evidence about the Saqqaq culture have been revelaed and is the first remains discovered of a human from that culture group. The research professor Bjarne Grønnow at SILA -the Etnographic department at the National museum in Copenhagen have together with a group of scientists discovered a piece of hair 4000 year old.

The hair was found at the settlement at Qeqertasussuk in Greenland and the DNA extracted from hair show some very interesting information and also is an evidence for the theory archaeologists had about the Saqqaq people in Greenland. The theory was that people from Siberia went from Siberia to Greenland about 4000-4500 years ago about 2500 BC. The hair now shows that the Saqqaq and the most related Siberian groups today Chukchi and Koryak splitted at about 5,500 years ago. People came to Greenland and settled in the western part about 4000 years ago.

The owner of the hair was a black-haired, brown-eyed man with the bloodtype A+. Bjarne Grønnow says the most important thing about this new exciting discovery is that the archaeologists now have proof that the first people on Greenland the paleo-eskimoes from what we today call the Saqqaq-culture originated from the eastern part of Siberia. This makes it possible to closer know where the different cultures in Greenland and Siberia was born.

You can read more here from the Nationalmuseum in Copenhagen (it’s in Danish)

and here as well about the DNA-analysis (this is in English)


The drawing is made by Nuka Godfredsen.

He also draws a lot of other motives from Greenland and also is making comic-books to spread the exciting history of Greenland.

You can see his homepage here

I have worked together with SILA in Greenland in 2007. We were a team about 20 people from Sweden, Denmark, Austria, Germany, Greenland and Canada. The project was coordinated by the Nationalmuseums in Copenhagen and Nuuk. We excavated soapstone quarries, a settlement from the Saqqaq culture and did many excursions and discovered and registered very many monuments, buildings, soapstone quarries and more from the Saqqaq culture to modern soapstone quarries where the soapstone was cut with chainsaws. It was very exciting and much new knowledge was revelead. We was in the Nuuk-area. Nuuk is the capital of Greenland. We were at the end of the Nuuk-fjord closest to the inland ice. It was a great experience as well as an adventure, living in a tent for 4 weeks, no hot water, musk ox roaming around, climbing in the mountains and much more. I should probably do more posts about this in the future. If you are interested in Artic/Greenlandic archaeology or just a quite different archaeology let me know, what do you find interesting and what would you like to know more about? Or do you have any stories from your work as an archaeologist that differs from most archaeology…

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s